The `trace` Module - Wiki Parity Ethereum Documentation

The trace module is for getting a deeper insight into transaction processing. It includes two sets of calls; the transaction trace filtering API and the ad-hoc tracing API.

Note: In order to use these API Parity must be fully synced with flags $ parity --tracing on.

The Ad-hoc Tracing API

The ad-hoc tracing API allows you to perform a number of different diagnostics on calls or transactions, either historical ones from the chain or hypothetical ones not yet mined. The diagnostics include:

There are three means of providing a transaction to execute; either providing the same information as when making a call using eth_call (see trace_call), through providing raw, signed, transaction data as when using eth_sendRawTransaction (see trace_rawTransaction) or simply a transaction hash for a previously mined transaction (see trace_replayTransaction). In the latter case, your node must be in archive mode or the transaction should be within the most recent 1000 blocks.

The Transaction-Trace Filtering API

These APIs allow you to get a full externality trace on any transaction executed throughout the Parity chain. Unlike the log filtering API, you are able to search and filter based only upon address information. Information returned includes the execution of all CREATEs, SUICIDEs and all variants of CALL together with input data, output data, gas usage, amount transferred and the success status of each individual action.

traceAddress field

The traceAddress field of all returned traces, gives the exact location in the call trace [index in root, index in first CALL, index in second CALL, …].

i.e. if the trace is:

A
  CALLs B
    CALLs G
  CALLs C
    CALLs G

then it should look something like:

[ {A: []}, {B: [0]}, {G: [0, 0]}, {C: [1]}, {G: [1, 0]} ]

JSON-RPC methods

Ad-hoc Tracing

Transaction-Trace Filtering

JSON-RPC API Reference

trace_call

Executes the given call and returns a number of possible traces for it.

Parameters

  1. Object - Call options, same as eth_call.
    • from: Address - (optional) 20 Bytes - The address the transaction is send from.
    • to: Address - (optional when creating new contract) 20 Bytes - The address the transaction is directed to.
    • gas: Quantity - (optional) Integer of the gas provided for the transaction execution. eth_call consumes zero gas, but this parameter may be needed by some executions.
    • gasPrice: Quantity - (optional) Integer of the gas price used for each paid gas.
    • value: Quantity - (optional) Integer of the value sent with this transaction.
    • data: Data - (optional) 4 byte hash of the method signature followed by encoded parameters. For details see Ethereum Contract ABI.
  2. Array - Type of trace, one or more of: "vmTrace", "trace", "stateDiff".
  3. Quantity Tag - (optional) Integer of a block number, or the string 'earliest', 'latest' or 'pending'.

Returns

Example

Request

curl --data '{"method":"trace_call","params":[{ ... },["trace"]],"id":1,"jsonrpc":"2.0"}' -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST localhost:8545

Response

{
  "id": 1,
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "result": {
    "output": "0x",
    "stateDiff": null,
    "trace": [{
      "action": { ... },
      "result": {
        "gasUsed": "0x0",
        "output": "0x"
      },
      "subtraces": 0,
      "traceAddress": [],
      "type": "call"
    }],
    "vmTrace": null
  }
}

trace_rawTransaction

Traces a call to eth_sendRawTransaction without making the call, returning the traces

Parameters

  1. Data - Raw transaction data.
  2. Array - Type of trace, one or more of: "vmTrace", "trace", "stateDiff".
params: [
  "0xd46e8dd67c5d32be8d46e8dd67c5d32be8058bb8eb970870f072445675058bb8eb970870f072445675",
  ["trace"]
]

Returns

Example

Request

curl --data '{"method":"trace_rawTransaction","params":["0xf86a8086d55698372431831e848094f0109fc8df283027b6285cc889f5aa624eac1f55843b9aca008025a009ebb6ca057a0535d6186462bc0b465b561c94a295bdb0621fc19208ab149a9ca0440ffd775ce91a833ab410777204d5341a6f9fa91216a6f3ee2c051fea6a0428",["trace"]],"id":1,"jsonrpc":"2.0"}' -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST localhost:8545

Response

{
  {
    "output": "0x",
    "stateDiff": null,
    "trace": [{
      "action": {
        "callType": "call",
        "from": "0x2c7536e3605d9c16a7a3d7b1898e529396a65c23",
        "gas": "0x1e3278",
        "input": "0x",
        "to": "0xf0109fc8df283027b6285cc889f5aa624eac1f55",
        "value": "0x3b9aca00"
      },
      "result": {
        "gasUsed": "0x0",
        "output": "0x"
      },
      "subtraces": 0,
      "traceAddress": [],
      "type": "call"
    }],
    "vmTrace": null
  }, "id": 1
}

trace_replayTransaction

Replays a transaction, returning the traces.

Parameters

  1. Hash - Transaction hash.
  2. Array - Type of trace, one or more of: "vmTrace", "trace", "stateDiff".
params: [
  "0x02d4a872e096445e80d05276ee756cefef7f3b376bcec14246469c0cd97dad8f",
  ["trace"]
]

Returns

Example

Request

curl --data '{"method":"trace_replayTransaction","params":["0x02d4a872e096445e80d05276ee756cefef7f3b376bcec14246469c0cd97dad8f",["trace"]],"id":1,"jsonrpc":"2.0"}' -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST localhost:8545

Response

{
  "id": 1,
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "result": {
    "output": "0x",
    "stateDiff": null,
    "trace": [{
      "action": { ... },
      "result": {
        "gasUsed": "0x0",
        "output": "0x"
      },
      "subtraces": 0,
      "traceAddress": [],
      "type": "call"
    }],
    "vmTrace": null
  }
}

trace_replayBlockTransactions

Replays all transactions in a block returning the requested traces for each transaction.

Parameters

  1. Quantity Tag - Integer of a block number, or the string 'earliest', 'latest' or 'pending'.
  2. Array - Type of trace, one or more of: "vmTrace", "trace", "stateDiff".
params: [
  "0x2ed119",
  ["trace"]
]

Returns

Example

Request

curl --data '{"method":"trace_replayBlockTransactions","params":["0x2ed119",["trace"]],"id":1,"jsonrpc":"2.0"}' -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST localhost:8545

Response

{
  "id": 1,
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "result": [
    {
      "output": "0x",
      "stateDiff": null,
      "trace": [{
        "action": { ... },
        "result": {
          "gasUsed": "0x0",
          "output": "0x"
        },
        "subtraces": 0,
        "traceAddress": [],
        "type": "call"
      }],
      "vmTrace": null
    },
    ...
  ]
}

trace_block

Returns traces created at given block.

Parameters

  1. Quantity Tag - Integer of a block number, or the string 'earliest', 'latest' or 'pending'.
params: [
  "0x2ed119" // 3068185
]

Returns

Example

Request

curl --data '{"method":"trace_block","params":["0x2ed119"],"id":1,"jsonrpc":"2.0"}' -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST localhost:8545

Response

{
  "id": 1,
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "result": [
    {
      "action": {
        "callType": "call",
        "from": "0xaa7b131dc60b80d3cf5e59b5a21a666aa039c951",
        "gas": "0x0",
        "input": "0x",
        "to": "0xd40aba8166a212d6892125f079c33e6f5ca19814",
        "value": "0x4768d7effc3fbe"
      },
      "blockHash": "0x7eb25504e4c202cf3d62fd585d3e238f592c780cca82dacb2ed3cb5b38883add",
      "blockNumber": 3068185,
      "result": {
        "gasUsed": "0x0",
        "output": "0x"
      },
      "subtraces": 0,
      "traceAddress": [],
      "transactionHash": "0x07da28d752aba3b9dd7060005e554719c6205c8a3aea358599fc9b245c52f1f6",
      "transactionPosition": 0,
      "type": "call"
    },
    ...
  ]
}

trace_filter

Returns traces matching given filter

Parameters

  1. Object - The filter object
    • fromBlock: Quantity Tag - (optional) From this block.
    • toBlock: Quantity Tag - (optional) To this block.
    • fromAddress: Array - (optional) Sent from these addresses.
    • toAddress: Address - (optional) Sent to these addresses.
    • after: Quantity - (optional) The offset trace number.
    • count: Quantity - (optional) Integer number of traces to display in a batch.
params: [{
  "fromBlock": "0x2ed0c4", // 3068100
  "toBlock": "0x2ed128", // 3068200
  "toAddress": ["0x8bbB73BCB5d553B5A556358d27625323Fd781D37"],
  "after": 1000,
  "count": 100
}]

Returns

Example

Request

curl --data '{"method":"trace_filter","params":[{"fromBlock":"0x2ed0c4","toBlock":"0x2ed128","toAddress":["0x8bbB73BCB5d553B5A556358d27625323Fd781D37"]}],"id":1,"jsonrpc":"2.0"}' -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST localhost:8545

Response

{
  "id": 1,
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "result": [
    {
      "action": {
        "callType": "call",
        "from": "0x32be343b94f860124dc4fee278fdcbd38c102d88",
        "gas": "0x4c40d",
        "input": "0x",
        "to": "0x8bbb73bcb5d553b5a556358d27625323fd781d37",
        "value": "0x3f0650ec47fd240000"
      },
      "blockHash": "0x86df301bcdd8248d982dbf039f09faf792684e1aeee99d5b58b77d620008b80f",
      "blockNumber": 3068183,
      "result": {
        "gasUsed": "0x0",
        "output": "0x"
      },
      "subtraces": 0,
      "traceAddress": [],
      "transactionHash": "0x3321a7708b1083130bd78da0d62ead9f6683033231617c9d268e2c7e3fa6c104",
      "transactionPosition": 3,
      "type": "call"
    },
    ...
  ]
}

trace_get

Returns trace at given position.

Parameters

  1. Hash - Transaction hash.
  2. Array - Index positions of the traces.
params: [
  "0x17104ac9d3312d8c136b7f44d4b8b47852618065ebfa534bd2d3b5ef218ca1f3",
  ["0x0"]
]

Returns

Example

Request

curl --data '{"method":"trace_get","params":["0x17104ac9d3312d8c136b7f44d4b8b47852618065ebfa534bd2d3b5ef218ca1f3",["0x0"]],"id":1,"jsonrpc":"2.0"}' -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST localhost:8545

Response

{
  "id": 1,
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "result": {
    "action": {
      "callType": "call",
      "from": "0x1c39ba39e4735cb65978d4db400ddd70a72dc750",
      "gas": "0x13e99",
      "input": "0x16c72721",
      "to": "0x2bd2326c993dfaef84f696526064ff22eba5b362",
      "value": "0x0"
    },
    "blockHash": "0x7eb25504e4c202cf3d62fd585d3e238f592c780cca82dacb2ed3cb5b38883add",
    "blockNumber": 3068185,
    "result": {
      "gasUsed": "0x183",
      "output": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001"
    },
    "subtraces": 0,
    "traceAddress": [
      0
    ],
    "transactionHash": "0x17104ac9d3312d8c136b7f44d4b8b47852618065ebfa534bd2d3b5ef218ca1f3",
    "transactionPosition": 2,
    "type": "call"
  }
}

trace_transaction

Returns all traces of given transaction

Parameters

  1. Hash - Transaction hash
params: ["0x17104ac9d3312d8c136b7f44d4b8b47852618065ebfa534bd2d3b5ef218ca1f3"]

Returns

Example

Request

curl --data '{"method":"trace_transaction","params":["0x17104ac9d3312d8c136b7f44d4b8b47852618065ebfa534bd2d3b5ef218ca1f3"],"id":1,"jsonrpc":"2.0"}' -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST localhost:8545

Response

{
  "id": 1,
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "result": [
    {
      "action": {
        "callType": "call",
        "from": "0x1c39ba39e4735cb65978d4db400ddd70a72dc750",
        "gas": "0x13e99",
        "input": "0x16c72721",
        "to": "0x2bd2326c993dfaef84f696526064ff22eba5b362",
        "value": "0x0"
      },
      "blockHash": "0x7eb25504e4c202cf3d62fd585d3e238f592c780cca82dacb2ed3cb5b38883add",
      "blockNumber": 3068185,
      "result": {
        "gasUsed": "0x183",
        "output": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001"
      },
      "subtraces": 0,
      "traceAddress": [
        0
      ],
      "transactionHash": "0x17104ac9d3312d8c136b7f44d4b8b47852618065ebfa534bd2d3b5ef218ca1f3",
      "transactionPosition": 2,
      "type": "call"
    },
    ...
  ]
}